Case Study Number 397137
Tooth history: First attempt of RCT on this mandibular second molar in 2005 did not eliminate symptoms, a second attempt in 2006 did not turned out to be any better, tooth was still having episodes of severe pain (preoperative X ray dental film taken in January 2007). Patient was told by the second practitioner to remove that tooth but she would rather try to save it for the third time.
Patient was already aware of the tooth poor prognosis and that implant therapy would be the safest way to eliminate symptoms. Still she agreed to retreat the tooth endodontically.
During the procedure, a zip with perforation and apex blunderbuss could be noted on mesial root canals as well as in distal root canal. An apical split (with no existing apical constrictions) was also noted by probing in the distal canal. Serous exsudate was coming out of those root canals in such an amount that it could not be dried even with lots of paper points. Calcium hydroxide was inserted into the canals and patient came back 8 days later. By then symptoms had subsided. After removal of calcium hydroxide into the canals, serous exsudate was still present but in lesser amount. Another attempt with calcium hydroxide replacement was made. Patient came back, symptoms free, 2 weeks later. At this point, almost no exsudate was remaining. All canals, including apical split in distal root, were “plugged” with MTA (Mineral trioxide aggregate) under high magnification. Coronal part of the tooth was sealed with a posterior composite and no promises where made to the patient who decided not to invest in a crown considering the prognosis. This procedure has been achieved in August 2007, the X ray dental film on the right shows a 4 years post operative outcome. Even though circumscribe apical radiolucency is still present the tooth remained symptom free and functional.
In this specific case, MTA used as a root-end filling material proved so far to be effective in promoting regeneration of the original tissues when it is placed in contact with the periradicular tissues. High magnification with excellent coaxial illumination insured a better placement of this material.
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