Calcified root canal system provide an endodontic treatment challenge. The introduction of new technologies has increased the predictability of these
Patient experienced recurrent pain episodes and swelling coming from an infected previously treated root canals on tooth 15. Extraction and Implant
Apical split has been cleaned and shaped with precurved stainless steel Mani endodontic K files. Passive ultrasonic irrigation with NaOCl 5%.